As of 2015 - addition to homework policy 

     Turn in EVERY classwork/homework assignment, and ON TIME, and add points to your Quarter and/or MID-TERM EXAM GRADE!!!  Yay!
     For every assignment that is late, points (to be determined) will be deducted from your Quarter/Mid-Term Exam Grade 
     For every assignment not turned in or completed at all, points (to be determined) will be deducted from your Quarter/Mid-Term Grade 
     You will lose more points for NOT completing assignments
    This is a course in which you need to do daily practice!  You can't "wing it" at the exam,  You are thinking musicians and you need to be able to apply your knowledge to every assignment.  Practice makes permanent.   YOU ARE BUILDING SKILLS!
    If you need help with an assignment, please ask as soon as possible. I'd love to help you.  I can't read your mind, so if you don't let me know, I can't be there to support you.   :(
    If you don't communicate with me and simply don't do the work, you will lose out on the learning and the confidence you can be gaining.
    MUSIC THEORY I   2020-2021



    Ms. Candice Ruffalo

     John Jay High School

    845-897-6700 x30066






    MUSIC THEORY I meets every day for -- minutes. Students in Music Theory I will be provided will all prerequisite material to prepare them for Advanced Placement Music Theory. Although not a requirement, all students enrolled in this class are strongly encouraged to take the A.P. Music Theory course in the next school year.


    Due to the intensity of the subject material to be taught in class, students are expected to come prepared to class with:


    An organized notebook

    Staff paper

    Pencils – NO PEN

    Completed homework assignments


    Attendance is an absolute necessity as we will be working on applying the concepts involved in music theory every day through class discussion and written and aural examples provided in class. Listening skills will be developed in class and some lessons simply cannot be made up at home.  You must be present in order to learn in this class.


    After school help and review is available by appointment. All students are welcomed and encouraged to attend.


    Students will be assessed and given homework regularly. A mid term exam and a final exam will be given in this class. Extra credit will be offered at the discretion of the teacher.  Most extra credit assignments require access/employment of the MusicTheory.Net website. All grades will be weighted as follows:



    Notebook organization: 10%

    Homework: 30%

    Assessments: 30%

    Exams: 30%

    Total: 100%


    Theory Curricular Requirements:              


    ·        The course enables students to move toward a mastery level of the rudiments and terminology of music: notational skills, intervals, scales, keys, chords, meter, and rhythm


    ·        The course progresses to include more sophisticated and creative tasks such as: realization of a figured bass and realization of a Roman numeral progression


    ·        The course includes the following scales: major, 3 forms of minor, and modal


    ·        The course also covers (concepts and procedures based in the common-practice period) functional triadic harmony in traditional four-voice texture including non-harmonic tones, seventh chords, and secondary dominants


    ·        Musical skills are developed through the following types of exercises:


        listening, sight-singing, written exercises and creative exercises




    Expectations of Students:


    1.      Students will participate in all classroom discussions and activities

    2.      Students will complete all assigned exercises and homework

    3.      Students will keep and maintain a Music Theory notebook which will include class notes, handouts, assignments and assessments

    4.      Students will sing.  The voice is a functional, mechanical instrument or tool for training the brain- this is not a performance class.



    Course Objectives- Students will be able t


    1.      Define basic musical terms and theoretical concepts

    2.      Understand and construct major, minor, chromatic, and modal scales

    3.      Demonstrate the ability to construct and analyze major, minor, augmented, and diminished intervals and triads

    4.      Recognize, audiate, and sing scales, intervals, triads, rhythms, and melodies

    5.      Sing simple conjunct and disjunct melodies at sight

    6.      Construct compositions in four-part texture

    7.      Analyze harmonic structure utilizing Roman Numerals and figured bass

    8.      Identify basic form and cadences

    9.      Notate pitch and rhythm in accordance with standard notation practices

    10.  Read melodies in treble and bass clefs, and have working knowledge of moveable c clefs

    11.  Write simple rhythmic, melodic and harmonic dictation


    Resource Materials




    Clendinning, Jane Piper, and Elizabeth West Marvin.  2011. The Musician’s Guide to Aural Skills, Volume 1.  2nd ed.  New York:  W. W. Norton.




    Clendinning, Jane Piper, and Elizabeth West Marvin.  2011.  The Musician’s Guide to Theory and Analysis, 2nd ed.  New York: W. W. Norton.


    Ottman, Robert W. 1998.  Elementary Harmony Theory and Practice. 5th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.




    Ottman, Robert W. 1996.  Music for Sight Singing.  4th ed.  New Jersey: Prentice Hall.




    Scoggins, Nancy. 2010. Barron’s AP Music Theory. New York: Barron’s Educational Series, Inc.


    Spencer, Peter. 2004.  The Practice of Harmony.  5th ed. New York:  Simon & Schuster Macmillan.




    Teacher Created Materials


    Material from the College Board AP Music Theory Materials, 2011










    dolmetsch.com  - for free staff paper