• Here is a list of common terminology you may find in a speech-language evaluation report:


    Articulation: is the movement of the oral structures of the vocal tract; specifically the jaw, tongue, and lips that obstruct or interrupt airflow to produce speech sounds.  Speaking involves accuracy in placement, timing, direction, pressure, speed, and integration of the oral structures.  

     

    Auditory Processing: the ability to attend, discriminate, recognize, comprehend, sequence and/or retain auditory information.

     

    Expressive Language: the ability to communicate thoughts, feelings, ideas, and/or intentions via spoken word, written word, or symbols.

     

    Fluency: the ability to speak at a fluid rate, rhythm, and inflection.

     

    Motor-Planning: refers to the signal that the brain sends to the muscles in the oral cavity for planning, sequencing, and executing movement for speaking.

     

    Oral-Motor: refers to the structural integrity, strength, coordination, and movement of the oral structures for speech sound production.

     

    Phonological (phonemic) Awareness: are pre-literacy skills needed when learning how to read and for developing language.  Such as rhyming, sound blending, sound segmentation, and sound manipulation.

     

    Phonological Processes: are sound error patterns in a child's speech that account for substitutions, omissions, or additions of speech sounds that make a child difficult to understand.

     

    Pragmatic Language: is how one uses language in a socially appropriate way.  Usually referring to eye contact, conversational skills, turn-taking, and topic initiation, topic maintenance, and termination of topics when speaking with others.

     

    Receptive Language: the ability to understand spoken language to derive meaning.

     

    Semantics: is word knowledge and vocabulary.

     

    Syntax: is word order in a sentence relating to appropriate grammar use and sentence structure.