• 9-14 Technology – the practical use of human knowledge to extend abilities, satisfy needs and wants, and solve problems.

    9-15 Invention- is a unique device, method, composition, process or discovery that did not exist previously.

           Innovation – An improvement to an existing invention. Better solutions that meet new requirements, or existing market needs.


    9-16 Engineer -applies scientific knowledge, mathematics, and ingenuity to develop technical solutions for problems facing mankind. 

    9-17 Design process - is a series of steps that engineers follow to come up with a solution to a problem.

    9-18 Obsolete technology - outdated computer hardware, software, or other technology that is no longer used, even if they are in  working condition. A technology often becomes obsolete when replaced by newer or better technology.

    9-21 list the 6 subtopics of Technology. 1. Communication 2. Biotechnology 3. Construction 4. Manufacturing 5. Transportation 6. Energy and Power

    9-22 Transportation Technology - The process by which people, animals, products, and materials are moved from one place to the next.

    9-23 Design constraints - are conditions that need to happen for a project to be successful. These are the limitations.

    9-24 Bio-related and Agricultural Technology - Deals with those things which are alive, or technologies that keep things alive.

    9-25 Manufacturing technology - Changes materials into usable products. Allows people to make things that they want and need.

    9-29  Construction technology - Deals with the designing, planning, construction, and management of infrastructures such as roads, tunnels, bridges, airports, railroads, facilities, buildings, dams, utilities and other projects.

    9-30 Energy/Power - Technology - The Ability to do work or cause change.  Considered the “food” of technology.  All other areas depend on it.

    10-1 System - combination of parts working together to accomplish a goal. The first step in solving a problem that involves a system is analyzing that system. This involves breaking it down into the parts that make it up, and seeing how those parts work together.

    10-2 Patent – Protection rights to an invention
    Trademark – Rights to a product name, symbol, or logo

    10-6 -Infrastructure -The basic physical systems of a business or nation. Examples include: transportation, communication, sewage, water, and electric systems.

     10-7 -Aqueduct - a watercourse constructed to convey water. In modern engineering, the term aqueduct is used for any system of pipes, ditches, canals, tunnels, and other structures used for this purpose.

    10-8 Civil engineer - designs and supervises large construction projects, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.

    10-9 - Specifications - The detailed description of the design standards of a product, including type and amount of materials. What materials are to be used for a project as well as the standards and government regulations that must be followed.

    10-13 - Customary system - defined as a set of weights and measures used for measuring length, weight, capacity, and temperature. Based on the English system of measurement.

    10-14  - Metric system- is used to measure the length, weight or volume of an object. Length is measured in millimeters (mm), centimeters (cm), meters (m) or kilometers (km).

    10-15 Dimension - a numerical value expressed in appropriate units of measurement and used to define the size, location, orientation, form or other geometric characteristics of a part.

    10-16 Extension line -  An extension line extends a line on the object to the dimension line. Dimension line arrowheads touch extension lines.

    10-19 Mile-An English unit of length of linear measurement measure equal to 5,280 feet, or 1,760 yards (approximately 1.609


    10-20- Rocket- A missle, spacecraft, aircraft, or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine. In all rockets, the exhaust is formed entirely from propellants carried within the rocket before use. Rocket engines work by action and reaction. Rocket engines push rockets forward simply by throwing their exhaust backwards and extremely fast.

    9-24 Propulsion -  is a means of creating force leading to movement. A propulsion system has a source of mechanical power (some type of engine or motor, muscles), and some means of using this power to generate force, such as wheel and axles, propellers, a propulsive nozzle, wings, fins or legs.

    10-22 -Satellite- An object that orbits (moves around) another object. Currently there is  2,666 satellites made man satellites orbiting the earth.

    10-23 Sputnik - unmanned space missions launched by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s to demonstrate the viability of artificial satellites. Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957.